Venta Regional Park is a preserved territory in North-western part of Lithuania. The purpose of it is to protect and maintain landscape of Venta valleys, its natural eco-system and values of cultural heritage, nurture them and use rationally, as well as create the conditions for relaxation and cognitive purposes.
Venta Regional Park is unique by its geological structure. Only here you can see the rocks of mysterious Jurassic Period, touch the remains – fossils – of animals that lived in dinosaur era by your own hands. Papilė exposures are also unique and have a value in World scientific range.
The most important values of a landscape are Ventos, Virvytės, Dabikinės, Uogio, Avižlio Rivers and rivulets, their natural hydrographical net, valleys with rare in Lithuania natural meadows, old forests and groves. Big and expressive loops are typical for the park‘s rivers and steep slopes with unique exposures are typical for valleys.
The most famous object of inanimate nature heritage – Papilė‘s exposures of Jurassic Period, which reveal precipitate that appeared in the bay of a shallow sea 160 million years ago. In the district of Venta, a stratum of sediments of a huge pre-glacial period lake was also detected. It assists to scorching climate and vegetation of tundra, which grew there 30-80 thousand years ago.
Flora and Fauna
The second most known tree in Lithuania – Papilės fifteen-trunk linden. In Apžadų cemetery, a particularly respected and saint place, 300 years old pine-trees are growing. One of these pines still has a steel chest of sacrifices fixed on its trunk from time immemorial. In the forests and meadows of the park a lot of orchid plants, Siberian iris, and forest mint are growing.
Viekšnų town stand outs with traditional architecture. The Lithuanian national awakener, historic and writer Simonas Daukantas spent his last days of life in Papilė. Viekšnių pharmacy is a museum interesting not only for its exhibition, but also for its architecture, because it is one of the oldest wooden house in these lands, which was build in the beginning of 19th century. In the Viekšnių centre there is a unique monument in Lithuania erected for whole Biržiškų family.