The Regional Park of Varniai is like gigantic, highly risen recess, which corners are surrounded by spectacular hills, and the recess is the great mold of Varniai. Here lies Paršežerio, Lūksto, Stervo, Biržulio lakes.
The highest mountain in Samogitia is Medvėgalis and the queen of Samogitian hills is Šatrija. Here start the great rivers of Samogitia – Venta, Virvytė, Minija, Kražantė, Akmena. The biggest natural lake of Samogitia – Lūkstas, which throws out the amber.
Flora and Fauna
The vast swamps of the lake shores, forests, valleys of curvy rivulets and meadows are characterized by huge variety of flora and fauna. Since the old times, the assemblage of Biržulio and Stervo’s lakes reeds, and surrounding swamplands are considered as one of the richest places in number of birds in Lithuania. The park is also rich in rare species of plants - Steller irises, slender birch trees, variety of orchid, in the bottom of Saloto Lake are hiding Isoetes lacustris. Rare insects, birds (bittern, black tern, curlew, Spotted Crake, corncrake), mammals ermines, otters, moose are finding shelter in this Park.
Medvėgalio, Šatrijos, Sprūdės, Moteraičio, Bilionių, and Paršpilio mounds are kindly inviting to admire the majestic hills and be delighted with wide horizons of Samogitia. Near the mound of Piršpilis, in the swamps of Sietuvos River, an old secret cobbled walkway through the swamps is hidden. In the surroundings of Biržulio Lake the history of Lithuanian nation can be traced. It can be proved by archaeological findings reaching out 10 thousand years BC. According to the archaeologists, it is the cradle of Baltic culture. The graves found in Spiginas horn are the oldest of Stone Age people – the graves of hunters and fishermen in Lithuania are one of the oldest of Eastern Baltic States. The famous history is being recalled by Varniai city, Luokė town, Pavandenė land, Požerė, wooden manor house of Biržuvėnai.
Exeptional phenomena, living traditions, historical facts, personalities
The diocese of Medininkai, established in 1417 after christening of Samogitia, remained until the second half of 19th century. Here, in 1599, “Postilė” by Mikalojus Daukša Vujekas was reborn in Lithuanian language. The Samogitian bishop M. Valančius gathered the most prominent cultural personalities of these times, took care of Lithuanian press publishing, distribution, started the movement of sobriety. Gulbės is a home town of one famous Lithuanian folklorist, mythologist, ethnographer Norbertas Vėlius (1938-1996). Thanks to him, we now have around 30 000 Lithuanian folkloric works.