Skuodas County is located in the Northwestern part of Lithuania. It is one of the smallest administrational units of the Lithuanian Republic. Skuodas’ territory covers 911 square meters and its population reach 25 499 today.
Research in Skuodas region shows that people have resided in these areas since old times. Archaeologists tend to find traces (stone tools and irons) in almost every village. Numerous burial mounds witness that the inhabitants of these territories had to defend their tribes and possessions from the enemies with primitive weapons and fortifications. The sacrificial shrines and stones witness the times of pagan religion. In the protected Mosėdis pagan shrine the holy fire kept and protected until the XV – XVIII centuries or even until the 19th century, as some claim. Historical sources mention the name of Skuodas for the first time in 1253 as a part of Kuršas territory. In 1572 Skuodas was granted the rights of Magdeburg (right to self-government).
Until World War I located on the border Skuodas town was famous for its markets, as well as its fair, which was attended by many merchants and visitors. During the interwar period of Lithuanian independence Skuodas was the centre of region. It had a shoe factory “Kontinent“, famous for its excellent production and a mill with an electric power plant. During World War II, the town was largely destroyed. Only the Evangelic-Lutheran Church built in 1821 and the Catholic Church built in 1850 remained.
Many Jews lived in Skuodas before the second World War. They worked in trade and handicrafts. In 1950 Skuodas became the centre of the administrational region. The town was rebuilt from ruins, new administrative and residential areas were constructed.
The remaining old buildings with their histories, as well as monuments built to commemorate significant events and dates can tell us a lot about the interesting historical past of the town and generations of people who lived and worked there. The Museum, Culture Centre, Library, gymnasium of Pr. Žadeikis, Bartuva secondary school, M. Valančius primary school, Skuodas agricultural, business, trade and servise school, Art school, Kindergarten, Nursing house for old people, hotel “Apuolė“, post – office, hospital, first – aid office, several banks and several shopping centres operate in Skuodas. There are about 200 personal companies, 100 joint – stock companies and about 70 public institutions in Skuodas. As in every city, there are many types of entertainment, concerts and various traditional events.