Facts about Lithuania
Area: 65,300 km2.
Location: Lithuania is a state on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea.
Neighbouring states: Latvia, Belarus, Poland, and Russia.
Climate: between maritime and continental. Average temperature in July is 23°C, and average temperature in January is -4.9°C.
Landscape: Lithuania is a flat country, lowland plains make up 75% of its territory.
Language: the official language of the Republic of Lithuania is the Lithuanian language.
Form of government: parliamentary democracy. Head of state: President, the executive branch: Government (appointed by the President), the legislative branch: Seimas (unicameral parliament, direct election).
Administrative division: the territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties. Counties are subdivided into 60 municipalities. Municipalities consist of 546 elderships.
Largest cities according to the population: Vilnius (553,200), Kaunas (373,700), Klaipėda (191,600), Šiauliai (132,700), Panevėžys (118,800).
Ethnic composition: Lithuanians: 83.5%, Poles: 6.7%, Russians: 6.3%, Belorussians: 1.2%, other: 2.3%. There are 115 ethnicities in total in Lithuania.
Religion: Roman Catholic Church. There are also communities of Eastern Orthodox Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church, Evangelical Reformation Church, Old Believers, Judaism, Islam, and others.
Life expectancy: average life expectancy for Lithuanians: 71 years; men: 66, women: 77.
National currency: euro.
declared: 16 February 1918
restored: 11 March 1990
Lithuania joined NATO 29 March 2004, and on 1 May 2004 it became a member state of the EU.