In 1994 to UNESCO World heritage list was inscribed Vilnius historic centre as having outstanding universal value (under ii and iv criteria of selection). It is historic part of the city formed (susiformavusi) in 14-18th centuries. Today is recognized that on prospering times Vilnius made great influence on all Central East Europe region culture and architecture development. And objects of Vilnius historical centre are extraordinary examples of architectural ensemble and landscape type.
One of the most beautiful capitals in Europe since old times was famous for it’s tolerance. In this, most to the east distant Western European cultural centre, coexisted both Eastern and Western cultural traditions. In the city and it’s suburbs settled various confessions and nationalities inhabitants.
The ancient Lithuanian Grand Duchy political and cultural centre period is represented by complex of defensive system and representative buildings. In 16 century defensive wall surrounded historical centre of the city.
Century after century Vilnius has grown rapidly. Despite devastating fires and wars , till nowadays preserved radial city plan so typical for Middle Ages, irregular net of the narrow streets, unchanged type of development (uzstatymas), architecture and natural environment harmony.
In Vilnius old town preserved authentic buildings who served defensive, residential, representative and spiritual purposes. Vilnius old town preserved gothic, renaissance, baroque, classical styles features. This city architecture is unique, because all stiles join in one harmonious esthetical unit. Very special atmosphere in Vilnius’ panorama create 17th century typical Vilnius baroque school domes of the churches and restrained monumental classical architecture.
In today’s universal context Vilnius historic centre not only particular civilization heritage bet as well witness of exceptional cultural and unique way of living tradition.
Department of Cultural Heritage under the Ministry of Culture