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On January 1, 1963 for the first time in the history of the Soviet Union Plunge regiment positions were equipped with missile launch silo devices fitted with the new BVNR R-12U systems a year before their official start of carrying out defence functions. Also the 344th Priekule missile Regiment was formed in Lithuania; one of its squadrons was equipped with BVNR R-14 systems and on January 1, 1962 reported for military duty. In 1963 another regiment squadrons were equipped with first silo type BVNR R-14U systems. The 58th Karmelava Division was created in 1961 and consisted of three missile regiments all armed with BVNR R-14U. The regiments were located in Taurage, Karmelava and Ukmerge. Each of them had two ground squadrons.
The silo squadron of the Plunge regiment in Plokštinė was made of four starter batteries, each of those were equipped with a Dvina missile silo. Plokštinė battery is the most complex strategically important missile force element located in Lithuania. Four shafts were dug and equipped in the corners of a 80×70 m rectangle. The shafts were 25 m deep and 5 m wide. The construction target was to keep the angle exactly at 90°; the shaft walls were up to 2,5 m thick. The construction of the shafts was conducted not only by the military but also by the underground construction experts, however simple the task would seem from the first glance, still the biggest challenge was to keep the precision exact to the point. First a pit would be dug; then a concrete casing segment would be inserted into it; then more earth would be removed from under the segment which would make it slide further down; then another segment would be mounted on top of the first one and so on, continuing until a necessary depth was achieved. Inside a 3 m wide metal casing was installed almost 2 m away from the concrete walls. It was necessary to leave such a large gap to install drainage, pneumatic, loading systems and various other cable routes. Besides, the gap between the casings also served as an exhaust for the escaping missile engine launch gases, the upper wider part of the shaft allowed the heated gases to disperse. The shaft was equipped with a lift encapsulated in a metal mesh shell for maintenance personnel. At the bottom of the shaft a missile R-12 launch desk was mounted. To load and launch a missile one would have to remove a very heavy sliding protective metal cover. Even thought the shaft was designed to be reusable, still after each launch it had to undergo extensive and long-lasting repairs. Therefore it was decided to use the complex for a week’s duration and to execute several launches only. Consequently, to store the reserve missiles nearby was no longer considered practical or necessary, hence the need for the storage hangars was eliminated. The missiles were delivered on special platforms by a tow truck. The platform was raised vertically above the shaft and the missile was lowered into the shaft onto the launch desk. Then fuel filling pipes were attached to the missile, as well as control and feed cable threads. When the system check was completed the premises were sealed; every six month the operation was repeated and a new missile was installed. These measures were supposed to ensure an efficient functioning of the systems in the event of the receipt of the launch order. A concrete bunker was built underground in the middle of the projected rectangle between the four missile shafts for storing operating and control equipment, fuel components, and for personnel use.
To visit the Exposition of Militarism from September to May is allowed only with a guide of Žemaitija National Park booked in advance. Please address the Plateliai Visitor Centre of Žemaitija National Park at working time.
25 kilometres away from Vilnius, 5 meters below the ground, and you find yourself in the USSR. Here you can visit the first in the world Underground Museum of Socialism or to join "1984.Survival Drama" and become a citizen of a totalitarian state.
During the Survival dDama you will be met by guards with dogs. Having waved goodbye to your belongings, currency, cameras and mobile phones, you will put on a Soviet threadbare coat and dive into the life of a USSR citizen, full of tension and social peculiarities. You'll be taken to the maze, watch TV shows and shops of 1984, be interrogated in a KGB office, learn the anthem of the USSR and get used to wearing a gas mask. You'll dance to the music of those times and will eat a Soviet dinner yourself. Before leaving the bunker you will receive a special certificate and an authenthic present from the Soviet times.
Group up to 25 persons: 30 euro per person
Group 26-45 persons: 725 euro for group.
Included into the price: 3 hour performance, special clothes, Soviet lunch/dinner with a drink, special cerificate and a gift from a Soviet shop to each member of the group.
Adress: Nemencine forest, Vilnius region.
A bridge of one description or another has stood on the spot of the Green Bridge since 1536. The current 103-metre metal construction dates from 1952 and was originally named after a Red Army general. The four groups of extraordinary sculptures at each corner represent agriculture (3.2m, sculptors B. Bučas and P. Vaivada), industry and construction (3.2m, sculptors N. Petrulis and B. Vyšniauskas), peace (4m, sculptor B. Pundzius) and that old Soviet chestnut, youth (3.2m, sculptors J. Mikėnas and J. Kėdainis). One of a few examples of blatantly Soviet art still in a public place, the Socialist Realist masterpieces have evaded removal on the grounds that they represent no real people living or dead. Criminally rusting and falling apart, something needs to be done to ensure that they stay around for many years to come.
From 1989-91, during the restoration of Lithuanian independence, many ideologized monuments from the Soviet times were dismantled and, with the absence of any storage procedure, piled in storehouses and backyards, most frequently on the premises of utility companies. Thanks to such “preservation”, many monuments were damaged (some of them “suffered” during dismantling while others caught the eye of metal traders, etc.), and eventually could have been totally destroyed, as happened in the neighbouring republics. There were various opinions and proposals regarding the fate of the dismantled Soviet sculptures. Destroy? Preserve?
Hesonos klubas public agency located in Grūtas near Druskininkai was the winner of the tender called by the Ministry of Culture in 1998 for the establishment of an exposition of dismantled monumental sculptures from the Soviet period. A strong argument for choosing this undertaking was that its manager, Viliumas Malinauskas, was planning to establish the exposition using private funds earned from his family’s mushroom and berry business without asking for financial support from the state. The project submitted for tender also stressed the importance of the new tourist site for the development of this region in Southern Lithuania.
The work of preparing the exposition started in early 1999. Grūtas Park was officially opened on 1 April 2001.
The wooden building of the museum resembles a cultural house like ones that were built in the 1940’s and 50’s.
The sound, cinema and photo documentaries collected and displayed at the information centre and museum, show and denounce the ideologized Soviet propaganda culture, pseudo-science, the aims, mechanism and forms of the Soviet ideology and propaganda, and disclose the genocide of the Lithuanian nation. These are live documentaries evidencing the refined execution of the Soviet policy having recourse to military, political, ideological, artistic and other measures, concealment of crimes and worship of criminal principals.
Address: Grūtas village, Druskininkai.
Fly & Lease of campers in the Baltic.Take a tour and discover Baltics by yourself!
You will be able to travel comfortably throughout Baltic Sates in our campers, as passengers really may feel themselves like home and take any necessary stuff with them, even their most loved cup for coffee.
A virtue of motor homes is the possibility to be in the cabin in all companionship while going from place to place.
Moreover, you will be free as you will be independent from hotels and every evening you will be able to spend in any place you wish!
Prepaid individual transfer :