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Feeling the impending death, local population of the late seventeenth century started to correct their errors and by nineteenth century re-created environmentally healthy, aesthetic landscape. In year 1800 the Prussian government ordered to do everything possible to save the settlements on the southern part of the Spit, and it was assigned to experienced in such works senior dune inspector of Danish origin Sioren Bjorn (1744-1819), which a few years ago has issued a Memorandum "How to protect the Spit from sand blizzards by taking care of and greening the dunes”. Biggest merit of Bjorn was that he began to build a protective coastal mound. During 20 years he added 20 kilometers of protective barrier dunes.
In the first part of nineteenth century postal station chief David Gottlieb Kuwertas with his son Georg started planting trees on the Spit. It was difficult grow a tree in the dead sea of sand. Until the protective embankment strip was formed along entire coast seedlings again and again got covered up the sand. Both Kuwertas built wind shields on the western part of the road, and planted drought-resistant plant species. Born and raised here they were well aware of Nida's surroundings, and primarily dangerous places to be greened. For soil and seedling fertilization they used horse manure accumulated in huge reserves at the postal horse yards. The forest they planted saved Nida and prevented the post road from sanding.
Both Kuwertas buried in the old cemetery of foresters in Nida. People of the town immortalized father and son struggle with the sand putting up a cup form monument on their grave. Their gratitude on the monument reads in Latin "... who’s son Georgas Dovydas Kuwertas Meloviškis, who died in 1856 first began to sprout forest trees in a sad barren of Nida. The monument is located at the end of the G. D. Kuwertas street (on the the right side of Klaipeda-Kaliningrad road).
At present the monument for Vytautas the Great – “The creator of Powerful Lithuania” is standing in the Laisvės Avenue in front of the Municipality building. It was built in Sąjūdis movement times in 1989. This was a reverence to the honourable history of Lithuania as well as protest against the Soviet occupation. Around 1951 the occupational forces destroyed the monument for Vytautas which was ordered by the Military Academy of Lithuania and made according to the project of prominent sculptor Mr. Vincas Grybas in 1932. Together with the monuments for Vytautas in Perloja and Veliuona this was a reflection of a solemnly celebrated anniversary of Vytautas. An original monument was built in Panemunė next to the house of the Military Academy of Lithuania. The monument rebuilt in 1989 was the copy of the destroyed one, but this time people of Kaunas chose the place which is visited more often – the crossroads of Laisvės Avenue and Sapiega Street. In the podium of the monument four men representing four nations which obeyed the orders of Vytautas: Russian, German, Tatar and Polish are holding the ruler of Lithuania. In the original version of the monument they as well as the podium were made of concrete, but in the one rebuilt in 1989 they are made of bronze.
Monument to S. Moniuszko iIn the square next to St. Catherine's Church.There is a bust of Stanislaw Moniuszko (created by Boleslovas Balzukevicius)
Polish composer, conductor and teacher.
Born May 5, 1819 in Ubiel, near Minsk. Died June 4, 1872 in Warsaw,
The Vytautas monument, which was made on the year of Grand Duke Vytautas in 1930, is standing in the central square of Veliuona, between the church and monitor house. The monument was made after gathering money from Veliuona residence. The author of the monument, the artist Apolinaras Simkus was an inexperience sculptor, thus the monument is rather amateur. Still, the residents of Veluona were able to conserve the monument during the Soviet period, when it was usual to destroy such monuments. A little monument made in 1991 and dedicated to the 700th anniversary of Veliuona, stands in a close distance from the Vytautas Monument (sculptor S. Simulynas).
Unveiled in September 1996, the monument to Gediminas (1275-1341), who famously founded Vilnius in 1323 and who was also Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1316 until his death, stands more or less on the spot where the howling iron wolf that inspired the moving of the country’s capital from Trakai allegedly appeared in his dream. Strangely, the aforementioned beast is represented in V. Kašuba’s creation not in metal as one would expect, but in stone.
Frank Vincent Zappa was an American composer, electric guitarist, record producer, and film director. In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa wrote rock, jazz, electronic, orchestral, and musique concrete works. He also directed feature-length films and music videos, and designed album covers. Zappa produced almost all of the more than 60 albums he released with the band Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist.
In his teens, he acquired a taste for percussion-based avant-garde composers such asEdgard Varese and 1950s rhuthm and blues music. He began writing classical music in high school, while at the same time playing drums in rhythm and blues bands—he later switched to electric guitar. He was a self-taught composer and performer, and his diverse musical influences led him to create music that was often impossible to categorize. His 1966 debut album with the Mothers of Invention, Freak Out!, combined songs in conventional rock and roll format with collective improvisations and studio-generated sound collages. His later albums shared this eclectic and experimental approach, irrespective of whether the fundamental format was one of rock, jazz or classical. He wrote the lyrics to all his songs, which—often humorously—reflected his iconoclastic view of established social and political processes, structures and movements. He was a strident critic of mainstream education and organized religion, and a forthright and passionate advocate for freedom of speech and the abolition of censorship.
Zappa was a highly productive and prolific artist and he gained widespread critical acclaim. Many of his albums are considered essential in rock and jazz history, and he is regarded as one of the most original guitarists and composers of his time; he remains a major influence on musicians and composers. He had some commercial success, particularly in Europe, and for most of his career was able to work as an independent artist. Zappa was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll HAll of Fame in 1995 and received the Grammy Liftime Achievement Award in 1997.
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Prepaid individual transfer :