A memorial dedicated to the children of the ghetto who perished in the "children's Aktzia". The memorial to the estimated 50,000 Lithuanian Jewish children killed durig the Holocaust can be found at the rear of the building, complete with 37 stone tablets showing in which towns and cities they lost their lives and just how many of them died in each one. Behind the synagague is a memorial to the children murdered at the Ninth Fort.
From 1942 births were not permitted in the ghetto and pregnant women faced death. However a number of babies of ages from about 9 months to 15 months were smuggled out of the Kovno Ghetto to willing Lithuanian foster mothers.