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That was the first and the only stonework castle of the Teutonic Order, built in the present territory of Lithuania. In 1252 the crusaders built here the first wooden castle, however the next year, after the attack of Lithuanians and Sembai, the base for the stonework castle were set near the castle. It was built on the land of Curonians, which belonged to Livonian branch of Teutonic Order, but in the 1328 was given to the Prussian branch of the Order. The castle was persistently attacked by the Semogitians. During the attack in 1379 the castle was burned, later reconstructed. It was again attacked by the Semogitians in 1393. On the eve of Zalgiris battle, in 1404-1409 the castle was completely reconstructed. After the victory in Zalgiris battle, Vytautas have requested to give Klaipeda to Lithuania. His fighters took the castle over in 1414, but did not make it a lodgment. In 1422 while composing the contract of Meln it was left for the crusaders. Since that time until 1919 Klaipeda have been under authority of the Teutonic Order, Prussia dukedom, and Empire of Germany. Klaipeda was annexed by Lithuania only in 1923. The castle was reconstructed into bastion castle in XVI-XVII. Only the northern part of bastion castle has remained or was partially reconstructed, castle museum has been opened since 2002 in the sally port of the castle (branch of Lithuanian History museum).
Old Trakai Castle was the oldest brick castle established by Gediminas. Firstly it was build up as a second capital of Lithuania, but later this role was passed for newly built Trakai. This castle was a birthplace of the commander of Grunwald Battle – Grand Duke Vytautas.
According to the legend Gediminas built this castle even before moving the capital to Vilnius. It was a brick castle but only building structure under the ground and the castle site of spectacular size with the buildings of Benedictine monastery and Neo Gothic style church has left until present day.
Gediminas passed this castle, centre of the one most strategically important region of Lithuania, to his son Kęstutis. He ruled the Duchy of Trakai in 1337-1382 as a distinguished commander and protector of Lithuania from the Teutonic Forces. Around 1350 it was here in the Old Trakai in the family of Kęstutis and Birutė the greatest ruler of Lithuania of all times Grand Duke Vytautas was born.
Kęstutis left the Castle of Old Trakai in the 8th decade of 14th century when the new castle was built in 6 km to North-West, in the Peninsula of Galvė Lake. It was the Trakai Peninsula Castle. Meanwhile the Old Castle of Trakai which importance faded was given to Benedictine monks in 1405 by Vytautas. Eventually ruled by them this castle has ruined.
The reconstruction of the present monastery building started in the second half of 18th century. It was closed in 1845 and the buildings were passed to a presbytery next to which in 1898-1899 the present Neo Gothic church emerged. In 2010 the monastic life in the monastery complex was resumed – the monastery of St. John Apostolic Sisters was established.
The castle of Voruta was one of the most important castles during the reign of the first and the only crowned King of Lithuania Mindaugas (1238–1263). Here Mindaugas defended himself in 1251, in time of the internal war. Later Voruta disappeared and its location became a matter of dispute among historians. The hillfort of Šeimyniškėliai near Anykščiai (which was called Varutė Hill by the local people) is the most reliable site of the castle of Voruta.
The archaeological investigations of the hillfort started in 1990 (chief – Gintautas Zabiela). In 1997 the mayor of the Anykščiai region Saulius Nefas suggested an idea of building a wooden castle on the Šeimyniškėliai (Voruta) hillfort. It was supported by a large number of representatives of intelligentsia not only in Anykščiai, but also in the whole of Lithuania. After long discussions with both the community and experts of cultural heritage protection, the construction of the castle on the entirely excavated hillfort was approved.
On February 26, 1999, in the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania a declaration concerning the construction of the wooden castle was signed.
It is located not far from Anykščiai, near the New Elmininkai. It is the most explored mound in the Lithuania at these days. It is the most widely explored mound in all the East Baltic, too. The results of the archeologists let us reproduce the real plan of the castle. It has been a big dream from 1997 till 2009, to built a new authentic wooden castle as the sign of respect to our historical past. The castle should become the ,,alive museum” with a real battles of the knights. As if it was the first such kind of building in Lithuania, built in the authentic area, it should engage the different people in Lithuania and abroad.
Medininkai Castle (Lithuanian: Medininkų pilis), a medieval castle in Vilnius district, Lithuania, was built in the late 13th century or the first quarter of the 14th century. The defensive perimeter of the castle was 6.5 hectares; it is the largest enclosure type castle in Lithuania. The castle was built on plain ground and was designed for flank defense. The rectangular castle's yard covered approximately 1.8 hectares and was protected by walls 15 meters high and 2 meters thick. The castle had 4 gates and towers. The main tower (donjon), about 30 meters high, was used for residential quarters. Medininkai was first mentioned in 1392. The castle was badly damaged by a major fire in the late 15th century. Because of increased use of firearms, this type of castle was no longer suited for defensive purposes and was later used as a residence. During the 17th – 18th centuries it was reorganized into a farm and a bakery.
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